Sacred White Buffalo Calf Murdered
BY JODI RAVE LEE, Lincoln Journal Star
http://www.journalstar.com/stories/neb/stox (entire story and photo at this
When Joe Merrival was called to the scene of a buffalo shooting on the Pine
Ridge Indian Reservation recently, he stared in disbelief -- not far away lay
his sacred buffalo, its throat slit, its hide tattered.
Medicine Wheel had been the first white buffalo born on Indian lands in more
than a century.
I just felt, "Oh no, it's the white buffalo,'"
Merrival said Thursday. "I tried to control myself. My mind went blank
actually. I didn't want to say anything wrong, so I just said, "It's the
Born May 9, 1996, the white calf was immediately viewed as a symbol of hope,
rebirth and unity for numerous Great Plains tribes.
"For us, this would be something like coming to see
Jesus lying in the manger," Floyd Hand Looks For Buffalo said shortly
after Medicine Wheel's birth.
Today, the calf's death comes amid turmoil and chaos
on Pine Ridge, where internal and external pressures have rocked its 20,000
Oglala Lakota for much of the past year.
Throughout last summer, demonstrators marched on
nearby Whiteclay, Neb., protesting beer sales and a spate of unsolved Indian
murders. And for the past 68 days, another group has occupied the tribal
The buffalo's death is a sign that life for American
Indian people will get worse before it gets better, said Looks for Buffalo, a
spokesman for the takeover group Grassroots Oyate.
According to a tribal police report, Pine Ridge's symbol of hope and unity
died just after 8 p.m. Sunday, when police officer Alex Morgan spotted the
animal running down a road near the Red Cloud community.
Morgan and tribal member Leon Poor Bear pursued the animal, which ran into a
"We tried to chase it back down the road, but it would put down his head and
charge us," Morgan wrote in his report. "I told Leon to shoot the buffalo
for the safety of the community." When Merrival found the buffalo's body
later that night, it appeared someone had started to butcher it, he said:
its throat was slit and its hide scarred from being dragged down a gravel
The rare animal's significance is rooted in Lakota oral history, which tells
the story of a holy woman visiting one of their
villages. She taught them their seven sacred ceremonies and their four
great virtues: courage, wisdom, generosity and fortitude. Before she left,
she told the people not to worry, that she would return one day, and that a
sign of her arrival would be a white buffalo calf.
A version of the prophecy predicts the calf will be born white but will
change in color -- to black, to yellow, to red and back to white -- as it
matures, Merrival said.
Medicine Wheel was in the black phase.
When Medicine Wheel was born, doubt existed whether
the animal was 100 percent bison. Tests from Storemont Laboratory in
Woodland, Calif., however, proved it to be pure.
Now that the animal is dead, Merrival will use its
hair and bones "for spiritual purposes," sharing the parts with as many
people as he can. After that, "I'll put it back into the pasture to where
it was born."
Jodi Rave Lee can be reached at (402) 473-7240 or