Subj: Fw: Stunning Report Exposes Chief Anthrax Mailing Suspects
Date: 12/11/01 8:04:55 PM Pacific Standard Time
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Dear Friends,
You will find this report absolutely stunning and urgent.
Please print it and critically consider it.
Then send it to everyone you know, every way possible. Our
great nation, and embattled world needs your help in
illuminating the darkness with the light of this truth.

Dr. Horowitz has done a brilliant job in preparing this
document. Please forward this report to members of Congress and
your local law enforcement and emergency management workers,
your local newpaper editors and reporters, talk show hosts and
producers, and librarians. Your support is critically needed
and greatly appreciated. This report holds great power to cure
what ails America and the world today!

Sincerely and lovingly yours,
Ingri Cassel,
Tetrahedron Publishing Group

Could the Anthrax Mailings Be
Military-Industrial Espionage?

A Special Report


Leonard G. Horowitz, D.M.D., M.A., M.P.H.*


On October 1, 2001—approximately two weeks prior to the first
publicly announced anthrax mailing—FBI officials received an
urgent warning from this author. Investigators were directed to
consider certain pharmaceutical and/or military contractors as
suspects in anthrax-related psychological operations (PSYOPs)
and bioterro-linked espionage. Near the time of this writing,
some of my critical pronouncements have appeared in national
news reports. On November 26, 2001, concerns regarding the
Bayer Corporation’s Cipro were featured by the Washington Times.
(1) On December 2 and 3, 2001, the New York Times focused on
U.S. military biological weapons contractors as the source of
the anthrax-mailings.(2,3) This report relays additional
evidence that these criminal offenses, classically called
serial murders by the FBI, are best explained by a relatively
new treasonous form of military–industrial espionage. This
conclusion is supported by the public access reports cited
herein, and issued by scientific and military officials alike,
as presented by the mainstream media. Amazingly, despite
generally perceived limitations on freedom of the press, enough
truths are still told today to allow determined investigators
and journalists to piece little known facts together to reflect
broad, sociopolitical criminal realities. The following report
provides important background on the suspects implicated in the
anthrax mailings. As with every official FBI investigation of
suspects in serial slayings, a review of the developmental
histories of chief suspects was conducted while considering
military–industrial espionage as a possible motive for the
crime of sending anthrax through the mail. From this knowledge,
chief suspects were identified, and a determination of the sole
source of the mailed anthrax was made. The evidence strongly
suggests a conspiracy to commit espionage and treason against
America involving anthrax developers at the Battelle Memorial
Institute, and agents within the Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) and/or national security system.


On April 24, 1997, a package containing a Petri dish
labeled “anthrachs” was received by the B’nai B’rith in
Washington, D.C. According to researchers reporting in the
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists this triggered a new era in
mailed anthrax hoaxes and threats. (4)

By February 1999, the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) reported that seven major anthrax threats were
recorded during a three month period in 1998. Perhaps not
coincidentally, the same day this report was issued, the media
reported four more incidents.(4)

Among the first to suspect military–industrial espionage
involving anthrax scares was Leonard A. Cole, a political
scientist at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. He
recalled that the letters claimed to contain anthrax, much like
the recent mailings to news sources, “arrived at the Washington
Post and . . . at an NBC news office in Atlanta.”

He, like many political observers, balked at the unprecedented
announcement by Defense Secretary William Cohen on national
television concerning a “5-pound bag of Domino sugar” the
military official likened to powdered anthrax. Mr. Cole wrote
that the “military’s controversial decision to vaccinate U.S.
troops against anthrax,” gave the anthrax threat a “special
cachet.” I wrote, at that time, Mr. Cohen’s behavior was
virtually treasonous. After all, when in America’s history had
our military leader(s) publicized our nation’s greatest attack
vulnerabilities? A new military mentality, if not a form of
psychological warfare, had obviously foreshadowed current
events. In Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic
Warfare(5) published Spring 2001, the use of such “PSYOPs”—
psychological operations—was predicted to facilitate severe
curtailments of American civil liberties. Professor Cole
editorialized that such threats of bioterrorism, “reportedly
brandished by an assortment of ‘rogue states,’ helped the
Pentagon, justify its still sizable post-Cold War military

Might all of this reflect the officially heralded, though
mostly classified, “Revolution in Military Affairs”?(6)

Within days of the anthrax hoax at the B’nai B’rith, FBI
director Louis Freeh suddenly offered a very different view
from that which had been previously expressed by leading
military and intelligence officials regarding the risk of
bioterrorism. The acquisition or use of biological weapons by
individuals or terrorist groups, he stated, constituted “one of
the gravest threats to the United States.”(4)

Discerning the change in official policy and its economic
ramifications, Professor Cole lamented over the soaring
bioterrorism budget—$1.4 billion at that time.  “Even
bioscientists who think the threat is exaggerated are reluctant
to contradict officials who say it is ‘only a matter of time’
before one of the many anthrax alarms turns out to be real,” he


In a related article, Jonathan B. Tucker, director of the
Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Nonproliferation Project
at Monterey Institute of International Studies, and his
associate Amy Sands, director of the Monitoring Proliferation
Threats Project at that Institute, discussed anthrax-related
hysteria. They reflected on “the tendency of U.S. government
officials to exaggerate the threat of chemical and biological
terrorism” which they wrote was “reinforced by sensational
reporting in the press and an obsessive fascination with
catastrophic terrorism in Hollywood films, best-selling books,
and other mainstays of pop culture.” Had their writing not
preceded the Hollywood production called “Wag the Dog” they
might have modified their dismal view of “Tinseltown” truth-

Likewise, in the Washington Post (March 16, 1999), science
policy analyst Daniel S. Greenberg criticized what he called “a
whiff of hysteria-fanning and budget opportunism in the scary
scenarios of the saviors who have stepped forward against the
menace of bioterrorism. . . . While a gullible press echoes
[their] frightening warnings, there are no independent
assessments of the potential for terrorist attacks or the
practicality of the proposed responses.”(7)

Indeed, these scholarly assessments foreshadowed today’s news
headlines concerning the official origin of the mailed anthrax—
reports that seriously implicate military defense contractors,
if not government officials themselves. What many may wish to
believe is an appropriate National Security response to
threatened bioterrorist attacks, is best explained by the words
on the back of every dollar bill—“Novo Ordo Seclorum.” Without
entertaining broad conspiracy theories, current events
demonstrate a “New World Order” is certainly evolving from
militarily managed chaos.

Investigating the Primary Suspects:

(Numbers correspond to those on the attached flow chart.)

Background on the Anthrax Vaccine Maker—Bioport

1.      In March 16, 1999, Robert C. Myers, DVM, Chief
Operating Officer of BioPort—America’s only anthrax vaccine
maker—appealed to a Senate Appropriations Committee for urgent
funding for both anthrax and smallpox vaccines. In 1996, in his
own words, he “was part of a team of organizations, led by
Battelle Memorial Institute, which came together to compete for
the [Department of Defense’s Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program]
JVAP. Despite there being dozens of potential bioterrorist
threats, Dr. Myers stated these two threats were the greatest
since anthrax is easy to handle and “because smallpox is highly
contagious and probably most of the world is now
susceptible. . . .” He also testified, “Suppose we have a
smallpox vaccine stockpile and a manufacturing
capability. . . . Funding for adequate security must be
included in this program if the threat is to be optimally
minimized. Included in these security measures and to prevent
against natural disaster, there should be two or more
geographical separate manufacturing facilities and two or more
facilities for storage of the manufactured vaccine.” He further
stated that few companies wished to become involved in the
production of anthrax and smallpox vaccines due to the high
expense and risks involved in research and development. Today,
the only other companies linked to smallpox vaccine production
include Baxter, Aventis (Hoechst–Rhone Poulenc subsidiary)
OraVax/Acambis, and Fort Dodge Animal Health as detailed in the
accompanying flow chart.(8)

2.      The preceding year (September 1998), Bioport
Corporation took over a failing anthrax vaccine business from
state-owned Michigan Biologic Products Institute. Less than a
month later, the company landed an exclusive $29 million
contract with the Department of Defense to “manufacture, test,
bottle and store the anthrax vaccine.” Admiral William J.
Crowe, Jr., a former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and
close personal aid to President Clinton, with no financial
investment of his own, received 22.5% of Bioport’s stock to
promote, secure, and manage military anthrax vaccine contracts.

3.      Bioport’s principal investor was Saudi business man
Fuad El-Hibri—a close friend of the bin Laden family, and a
previous merger and acquisitions manager for the Rockefeller-
linked Citigroup in New York.(9,10)

4.      Bioport shares were also held by The Carlyle
Management Group—America’s 11th leading defense contractor
largely directed by past CIA director Frank Carlucci, James
Baker III, and George H.W. Bush, according to several

5.      According to the Associated Press, Past President
George H.W. Bush acts as a business agent for the Carlyle Group
and wealthy Saudi families including the bin Ladens.(12)

6.      Between 1998 and 2000, Bioport successfully negotiated
through a steady storm of controversy and illegalities to
secure ongoing defense contracts for anthrax vaccine.(9,10,13)

Background on Anthrax Antiobiotic Maker—Bayer

7.      July, 2000— Germany’s Bayer AG negotiated an
unprecedented sole endorsement by the FDA of the antibiotic
Cipro for anthrax, despite the drug’s high risk, high price,
and largely untested status.(1)

8.      During the 1980s, Bayer AG and Baxter Healthcare both
marketed blood clotting factor VIII. Both firms were found
guilty of knowingly transmitting the AIDS virus (HIV) to more
than 7,000 American hemophiliacs. Both firms settled out of
court for what amounted to economically motivated genocide.(14)

9.      World War II military background on Bayer: Company
President, Hermann Schmitz, also directed Germany’s leading
industrial organization—I.G. Farben. He was found guilty at
Nuremberg trials for running Nazi concentration labor camps. He
merely served four years in prison. According to CBS News war
correspondent Paul Manning, Schmitz held more shares of
Rockefeller Standard Oil Co. stock than the Rockefellers.
Farben’s principle partner, the Rockefellers, profited greatly
from World War II. A Federal Court judgment cited the Standard
Oil Co. as America’s “Enemy National,” that is, a “traitor.”
Bayer was blacklisted at that time by the U.S. Federal

10.     During the late 1940s, I.G. Farben was “decartelized”
by the Allied High Commission led by America’s John J. McCloy—a
Philadelphia banker and lawyer with intimate ties to
Rockefeller oil and banking interests. Farben stockholders
received equal shares of Bayer, Hoechst, and BASF stock.

Related Smallpox Vaccine Makers—American Home Products/Baxter
and Fort Dodge, Hoechst/Aventis/Oravax-Acambis

11.      American Home Products (AHP) was formed in 1926 but
evolved largely under the same direction as Bayer, Hoechst and
BASF, that is, from I.G. Farben/Rockefeller financial interests
according to cancer investigator and author G. Edward Griffin.
(17) During WWII, Ayerst Laboratories joined AHP and Wyeth
International Limited was formed. This company went on
to “perfect” the smallpox vaccine according to company

12.     The Genetics Institute, an offshoot of the Rockefeller
initiated and dominated genetics industry, is a biotech
research unit of AHP/Wyeth-Ayerst. The Institute contributes to
Baxter’s product line of genetically engineered products, as
does AHP, including the smallpox vaccine.(5,19,20)

13.     Aventis Pharma, with headquarters in Frankfurt,
Germany—coincidentally the home of I.G. Farben and the post-war
CIA—was formed by Hoechst AG and Rhone-Poulenc S.A. during
their merger in 1999. American headquarters of the company not
far from Trenton, NJ in Bridgewater.(21)

14.     The politically powerful Pharmaceutical Research and
Manufacturers Association (PhRMA) is directed by Aventis’s CEO
Richard Markham. Mr. Markham is also Chairman of the Task Force
on Emergency Preparedness that meets regularly with Bush
administration officials. The Bayer and Merck companies are
also heavily represented in PhRMA and its bioterrorism task
force.(21) (Merck should be recalled as the primary recipient
of the Nazi “flight capital” on August 10, 1944 at the time the
company’s president, George W. Merck, was America’s biological
weapons industry director.(22) According to Paul Manning, who
credited CIA director Allen Dulles for his intelligence and
guidance in Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile, the “flight capital
scheme” assured the rise of the Fourth Reich, alternatively
called the “Neuordnung”—New Order, for the global petrochemical–
pharmaceutical and banking cartels, according to Farben
documents discussed by Manning and others.(15,23)

15.     One example of the steady stream of incestuous mergers
and acquisitions within the IG Farben/Rockefeller cartel, is
American Cyanamid’s purchase by AHP in 1994. American Cyanamid
is infamous for producing, through Lederle Labs, monkey cancer
virus contaminated poliovaccines linked to several contemporary
human cancer epidemics.(22) AHP then sold its Cyanamid
Agricultural Products business, including carcinogenic
pesticides said to reduce the spread of the West Nile virus, to
BASF Aktiengesellschaft in June 2000.(25)

Current Events Potentially Impacting the Anthrax Mailing

16.     PhRMA officials have met regularly and illegally with
Bush administration officials under the auspices of “emergency
preparedness” according to The Public Citizen in November,
2001.  Multi-million dollar drug and vaccine contracts have
emerged from these mostly secret meetings that violate the
Federal Advisory Committee Act—a transparency law enacted to
protect consumers against closed-door dealings between
government and special interests.(26)

17.     The BBC and London’s leading Sunday newspaper, The
Guardian, reported Nov. 7, 2001 that the Bush administration,
through the CIA, hog-tied the FBI in their investigations
linking Bush family and bin Laden family investments, including
commonly held stock in the Carlyle Management Group. This may
have profoundly suppressive implications affecting the
indicated investigations of Bioport and Battelle Labs for this
and other reasons cited below.(27)

18.     Based in Bridgewater, New Jersey, Aventis Pharma AG
sought and received a lucrative smallpox vaccine order from the
U.S. government. Along with Bayer, Hoechst, and Merck & Co. all
four firms have major plants within 45-minutes drive of
Trenton, NJ where most of the anthrax mailings originated.
Aventis’s European operations are jointly (50:50) owned by
Merck & Co.(28)

19.     Aventis collaborates with Oravax/Acambis to produce
enough smallpox vaccine for the federal government’s large
order, and fulfills Bioport’s Chief Operating Officer, Robert
Myers’s recommendations to the U.S. Congress that his company,
and at least one other, be able to produce critical anthrax and
smallpox vaccines. The Aventis/Acambis 20-year contract,
awarded by the CDC, is worth approximately $343 million for a
40-million dose stockpile.(8, 28, 29)

20.     Acambis—evolved from OraVax—allied with Baxter
Heathcare to produce smallpox and West Nile virus vaccines.
Aventis fully funds the OraVax/Acambis dengue fever vaccine and
subsidizes other joint ventures. Months before 9-11, the CDC
awarded Acambis a 20-year contract to develop a new smallpox

Apparent Origin of the Weaponized Anthrax—The Chief Suspects

21.     In April, 1998, OraVax/Acambis Vice President, Dr.
Thomas Monath met with President Clinton,  New York’s Emergency
Management Director, Jerry Hauer, Rockefeller University
president emeritus and American Type Culture Collection (ATCC)
curator, Dr. Joshua Lederberg, CIA Director John Deutsch, and
government biological weapons expert William C. Patrick, III,
to discuss/negotiate the first of several multimillion dollar
anthrax, smallpox and West Nile virus vaccine contracts.
According to New York Times reporters William Broad and Judith
Miller, (31) “seven scientists endorsed the stockpile….” These
included “two men who stood to gain financially from the
decision. . . .” These men included Dr. Monath and Dr. J. Craig
Venter, president of The Institute for Genomic Research near
Washington working on anthrax genetics. “The apparent consensus
on acquiring vaccines masked deep divisions among scientists
and military officials,” according to reporters Broad and

22.     Around the same time, according to New York Times
reporter William Broad,(2) William C. Patrick, III, was
commissioned to compile a report for an undisclosed government
contractor concerning the ramifications of mailing
aerosolizable anthrax. In an earlier report,(3) investigators
Broad and Miller cited the published paper of Dr. Barbara Hatch
Rosenberg, a “private expert in biological weapons,” in which
she contended “that a government insider, or someone in contact
with an insider, . . .” was responsible for the mailed
anthrax. “One official close to the federal investigation
called the Rosenberg theory ‘the most likely hypothesis,’”
according to the New York Times article. Given this most
credible theory, obvious suspects among the
government “insiders” with economic and/or political motives to
mail anthrax for military–industrial espionage related outcomes
are Bioport—sole maker of the anthrax vaccine; allied smallpox
vaccine makers OraVax/Acambis, Baxter, and Aventis, Bayer—the
anthrax antibiotic profiteer; and most importantly the
principle government and U.S. military contractor—Batelle
Memorial Institute’s Chemical and Biological Information
Analysis Center with bioweapons research, development, and
testing labs in West Jefferson, Ohio. (See for Battelle’s CBW
operations summary and
 for pictures of the facilities.)(32,33)

23.     Most heavily implicated is Batelle and Bioport, both
of which maintain financial and administrative links to highest
level U.S. National Security officials and agencies and the
DoD’s Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program. Based on a September
7, 2001 Associated Press report, a “new strain” of extremely
lethal anthrax had been under development before September
2001, by an unnamed U.S. biological weapons contractor. This
fit William Patrick’s report in which he “said the American
program had achieved a concentration of one trillion spores per
gram.” How was William Patrick privy to this classified
intelligence unless he had consulted, or worked, on the
development? To date, according to William Broad’s New York
Times article, (2) this concentration of the Ames, IA strain of
anthrax is unprecedented throughout the world. Even the Soviets
were unable to produce weaponized anthrax concentrated beyond
500 billion spores per gram according top Russian anthrax
expert (currently employed by the CIA) Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov
(alias, “Ken Alibek”). No one else has come close to describing
such concentrated anthrax powder. Given this astonishing
difference alone, the FBI should have been able to quickly
determine the few, if not single, U.S. military bioweapons
contractor(s) capable of this unprecedented feat simply by
interrogating William Patrick. This tip may be worth $1 million
according to the New York Times.(34)

24.     Keenly related, First Amendment Press investigator
Christopher Williams, determined that a recent U.S. military
project to develop this advanced type of weapons-grade anthrax
was reported by the Associated Press. In the article, Russian
munitions expert Alexander Gorbovsky voiced his government’s
concerns regarding the increased threat posed by the obviously
active U.S. biological weapons program—a program that according
to all mainstream media reports has been dead since President
Nixon’s signing of the 1925 Geneva Accord in 1969. So much for
accurate reporting! An anonymous source at the Pentagon told
Mr. Williams that this program was referred to as “Project
Jefferson.” Further research by Williams revealed Battelle
Memorial Institute’s laboratories in West Jefferson, Ohio had
been contracted to complete this project.(35)

This operation was ongoing around the same time U.S. military
anthrax specialist William Patrick’s report on the
ramifications of mailed anthrax powder, commissioned by an
unidentified “contractor”—apparently Battelle—was being
completed.(2)  In other words, that is why Patrick was privy to
this intelligence.

25.     According to admitted CIA consultant and author
Richard Preston, William Patrick and “Ken Alibek” were
very “close friends!” (36) Moreover, both leading anthrax
experts held classified consulting contracts with the CIA. In
this article, Preston revealed that Alibek, besides using CIA
provided VISA cards, was then working at the Battelle Memorial
Institute (BMI).

BMI, according to its website
(, is a virtual one-
stop-shopping-center for U.S. and foreign militaries, the
Department of Energy, the national security industries and the
agencies, organizations, and institutions evaluating every
major aspect of modern methods of population and environmental
control and warfare. With nearly $1 billion of business volume
annually, Battelle’s 7,500 scientists, engineers and support
specialists, have designed and developed a wide variety of
innovations from the uranium used in the top secret “Manhattan
Project” of WWII to the Xerox copying process. In addition to
their voluminous research, development, and testing activities,
this private institute co-manages America’s most secret
enterprises including the DoE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory,
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge Laboratory, and
fully manages several others including the Pacific Northwest
National Laboratory . Their two biological level-3 “Aerosol
Engineering & Biological Sciences Facilities” in West
Jefferson, Ohio appear in photographs on a Federal Emergency
Management Agency (FEMA) promotions slide at

The BMI/Department of Energy combined web page explained (on
12/7/01 at; get it
while you can!) that Battelle’s “National Security” contract
called for the administration of
Brookhaven’s “chemical/biological stand-off detection
technology” for which New York City was selected for
an “interagency chemical exercise.” Moreover, this test was
conducted sometime prior to the new Millennium. Therefore, it
would have involved Jerry Hauer, additionally linking
Battelle’s chemical and biological warfare testing program to
the military industrialists that met in the Clinton White House
in 1998.(34)

Battelle’s “Aerosol Engineering and Biological Defense Science”
description relays their unequaled ability to develop, test,
evaluate, and modify a variety of biological agent detection
systems, as well as the agents themselves. This is done, they
say, “for the Joint Services including BL-3 [i.e., biological
safety level of containment] operations.” While superficially
publicizing their unique qualifications and activities in the
realm of chemical and biological weapons “defense,” detailed
disclosures here are classified. Relating to their apparent
development of the highly weaponized strain of anthrax in
question, they reported their “Aerosol Science and Technology
(AS&T) group develops lab experimental and field test
procedures for . . . point-source emissions and the transport
and atmospheric fate of aerosols by means of modeling and field
assessments for industrial process.” Thus, the
government “contractor” for whom anthrax expert William Patrick
wrote his mailed anthrax aerosol dispersal assessment could
have only been Battelle for whom “Ken Alibek” worked; Robert
Myers, Bioport’s Chief Operating Officer affiliated; and Jerry
Hauer in New York’s emergency management helped facilitate
tests. All of these suspects (except Alibek), played roles in
the Department of Defense’s Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program
that was accelerated due to the anthrax mailings and national
fright they apparently caused.

In summary, there are several serious indicators that the
source of the anthrax weapon used in the mailings was the Ames,
Iowa strain of silica-impregnated and electro-statically
charged anthrax produced by the Battelle Institute under their
classified Defense Department “Project Jefferson.” This hyper-
weaponized germ was likely produced with the help (or under the
direction) of Dr. Alibekov and/or Dr. Patrick. The fact that
these Battelle agents and affiliated agencies gained notoriety,
if not financially, as a result of the anthrax mailings and
fright fits the parameters of organized conspiracy to commit
military–industrial espionage and serial homicide approaching
economic genocide.

Additional Suspects and/or Accessories to the Crime

26.     Another vaccine producer, located in Ames, Iowa—Fort
Dodge Animal Health (FDAH)—must not be overlooked. (Again, the
Ames, Iowa strain of anthrax was determined to be the specific
type of anthrax, super-weaponized at apparently Battelle Labs,
then transported to, and mailed from, New Jersey by someone who
held high level U.S. National Security clearance.) Originally
called the Ames Vaccine Company, the firm was acquired by
American Home Products (AHP) in 1945, suggesting at this time
the company’s evolution and/or financing, like Bayer, Hoechst,
Baxter, and Aventis, from the I.G. Farben/Rockefeller
cartel’s “flight capital.” Ames’s FDAH developed
numerous “first” animal vaccines including Lyme, parvovirus,
feline leukemia, Mycoplasma, and suspiciously the West Nile
virus vaccine falsely reported by the media to have been solely
produced by OraVax/Acambis. FDAH is the third largest animal
health products manufacturer in the U.S.(38)

27.     The National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL),
also uniquely located in Ames, Iowa, is a USDA administered
entity linked by unique location and common interest in West
Nile virus and anthrax research and developments to the FDAH.
The NVSL reported the first West Nile virus infection in a
horse in Florida. Subsequent investigations showed no infected
mosquitoes or “WNV-positive pools” by Florida investigators.
(39,40) Nonetheless, the news media “wagged the dog” for West
Nile vaccine sales once again benefiting FDAH and the Aventis
and OraVax/Acambis partnerships.(39)

28.     The NY Times reported on 11-9-01 that the FBI
investigation of anthrax mailings was stymied.(41) What else
might be expected given the classified nature of this work and
its operatives? Most are afforded protection by the National
Security Agency and the CIA. Yet, stunningly, the FBI and CDC
were blamed for destroying critical evidence. According to the
report, the Ames, Iowa strain of anthrax, determined to be the
one mailed from Trenton to Florida and Washington’s capitol,
had been suspiciously selected for destruction.(41) Iowa State
officials suddenly confessed that they were ordered by CDC and
FBI officials to destroy all of the remaining Ames, Iowa
anthrax strain on or about October 8-9. The strain archive was
then “destroyed on Oct. 10 and 11.” That means, as national
attention was first focusing on the American Media, Inc.’s
initial anthrax cases in Florida (October 7), the orders to
destroy that particular strain was given. More incriminating is
the fact that this one strain, of more than 1,000 anthrax
strains available, had been used in various labs for decades.
Allegedly by mistake, these two agencies—the FBI and CDC—
simultaneously urged/approved the strain’s destruction. It
should be recognized that by April, 2000, the CIA assumed all
oversight at the CDC, and other health science agencies,
concerning HIV/AIDS (42) and other infectious diseases
considered national security risks, which following 9-11
clearly included anthrax and smallpox. Again, according to FBI
and military officials interviewed by the BBC and The
Guardian’s Greg Palast (27), Bush administration officials and
the CIA had blocked FBI investigations involving terror group
financiers with ties to the Bush family and by extension
certain vaccine makers.

29.     The NYTimes (11-09-01) also reported that FBI
investigators in search of anthrax mailing clues were refused
access to certain pharmaceutical companies. These undisclosed
companies were said to require court orders for official access
to their facilities. No such court orders were subsequently

30.     The American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) supplies
most of the anthrax globally for research and biological
weapons development. They supplied Saddam Hussein with 19
shipments of anthrax in the years leading up to the Gulf War.
Their V.P., Nancy Wysocki, reported working closely with the
FBI on their investigation (41) Dr. Joshua Lederberg,
previously reported to have met with Bioport, their
consultants, and Clinton administration officials regarding
anthrax and smallpox risks and vaccine policies and purchases,
was ATCC’s director during the time anthrax was shipped to
Iraq. He is also the bioterrorism study group leader for the
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and President emeritus of
Rockefeller University.(5)

The CFR is a chief U.S. Government policy analysis and advisory
organization composed of 3,600 mostly wealthy industrialists
led by international banking representatives. In his Farewell
Address to the Nation, on January 17, 1961, President Dwight D.
Eisenhower’s counsel was highly relevant to this discussion. He
warned: “In the councils of Government, we must guard against
the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or
unsought, by the military–industrial complex. The potential for
the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.
We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our
liberties or democratic processes.”(5)

31.     All findings have pointed to anthrax mailings being
a “white collar crime”—a military–industrial conspiracy
involving chief biological weapons “preparedness” firms and the
CIA. This conclusion is evidenced by the highly weaponized
nature of the silica powdered anthrax that required a
bioweapons savvy microbiologist and expensive equipment to
produce. Also, mailed anthrax letters originated from Trenton,
New Jersey, St. Petersburg, Florida and Malaysia—also
reflecting international financial motive(s). Additional
support for this hypothesis comes from an Atlanta package
shipped to Kenya on Oct. 9.(43) The sender was not implicated.
Apparently, an agent with access to this private mail, and
Battelle’s classified military grade anthrax preparation,
somehow inoculated the parcel. Again, Atlanta is home to the
CIA-officiated CDC.

32.     Bayer AG posted $165 million in losses during the
third quarter of 2001, according to the Associated Press.(44)
Was this sufficient motive for the “wag the dog Cipro sales
scam” reported by this author and published by the Washington
Times?(1) Probably not, because there was far more money and
political concessions to be made from the anthrax fright than

33.     On November 9, 2001, The Guardian reported that U.S.
health secretary Tommy Thompson asked Congress for $500 million
for enough smallpox vaccine “so every American will be assured
there is a dose with his or her name on it if it is needed.”
Only weeks earlier the HHS secretary said he had worked
a “special” deal with Bayer to purchase 100 million tablets of
Cipro for 95 cents each.(45) This, despite equally effective
and better tested alternatives, such as doxycyclines, were more
readily available for less than five cents each.(46)

A week later the New York Times announced that between $1.5-3.2
billion was to be spent “largely on drugs and vaccines” to
fight bioterrorism in the United States.(47)

Finally, on November 23, 2001, the New York Times reported that
Aventis Pharma of Frankfurt, Germany had developed a promising
pharmaceutical formula for smallpox—“cidofovir and a chemical
known as S2242.” Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), “told a
Senate committee last month that ‘the animal model data are
very impressive. . .” (48) Dr. Fauci is America’s AIDS czar,
under direct oversight by the CIA. He was heavily implicated by
this author in Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola—Nature, Accident
or Intentional? (Tetrahedron Press, 1998) for having helped
suppress awareness that the NIAID helped Germany’s Merck
pharmaceutical company develop the 1974 hepatitis B vaccine
given to gay men in NYC and Blacks in Central Africa that
according to much scientific evidence was the specific vaccine
that triggered the international AIDS pandemic.

Summary and Closing Questions

“One should not increase, beyond what is necessary, the number
of entities required to explain anything,” urged William of
Occam in providing his “Razor” analysis. This report seeks to
do the same by simplifying the correlates and antecedents to
serial homicide in the anthrax mailing mystery. This analysis
is based on the FBI’s official model of analyzing suspects’
developmental histories and potential motives in such cases.

The foregoing analysis recognizes the highly unsavory
developmental histories of central suspects in this case—those
who stood to gain most by the extensive news coverage of the
anthrax crimes—investors in pharmaceutical and vaccine firms.

In conclusion, this report characterizes the unique U.S.
military weapons grade of anthrax developed from the Ames, Iowa
strain that was used in the mailings and the organization most
capable of making it. Given several incriminating associations
and documented testimonies published in reputable periodicals,
the logical origin of this extraordinarily deadly form of
aerosolizable anthrax is the Battelle Memorial Institute—a
major global “defense” contractor employing affiliated anthrax
experts additionally linked to the implicated drug and vaccine

Although several contractors are implicated in what might best
be called “military–industrial espionage,” the accompanying
flow chart depicts the primary suspects are linked to the
highest levels of government and to the Central Intelligence
Agency both of which operate with little to no effective
oversight or judicial regulation. This, then, is the likeliest
explanation as to why the FBI has been unable to determine what
seems obvious to many and heavily supported—a conspiracy to
commit military–industrial espionage.

Perhaps economic incentives were not the only motive for the
targeted anthrax mailings. On October 31, 2001, The Boston
Globe heralded an unprecedented

CDC initiative that might dramatically suspend civil rights in
the event of a declared biological emergency. The "Model State
Emergency Health Powers Act," it was reported, would give
public health officials and states governors the power to
arrest, transport, quarantine, drug, and vaccinate anyone
suspected of carrying a potentially infectious disease. The
plan (available for downloading from is precisely the
type of document that Battelle Memorial Institute’s social
service providers and leading academic consultants periodically
compose. The fact that their website promotes the institute’s
pioneering role in marshalling America’s upcoming public health
response to future outbreaks is chillingly Machiavellian. (See:

Based on the above information, basic questions for serious
investigators might include:

1)      Who in the Battelle Institute’s Jefferson labs had
access to the optimally concentrated aerosolized, silica-based,
Ames strain of anthrax, and who transported it to Trenton, New
Jersey and elsewhere to be mailed?

2)      Who in the CIA was assigned to oversee this classified
biological weapons, or bioterrorism, “defense” operation, and
who, if anyone in the agency (as with Battelle personnel), had
the wherewithal and matching itinerary to effect the anthrax
mailings in Trenton, St. Petersburg, Atlanta, and Malaysia.

3)      Who in the Bush administration ordered, according to
the BBC and The Guardian, the CIA to clamp down on FBI
investigations linking bin Laden family assets to Bush family
investments, and finally,

4)      Is America at risk and under attack from within our
own secretive national security system, possibly more than it
is from foreign entities and terrorist groups?

If we were able to accurately answer these questions, the
revelations—no less extraordinary than the data and conclusions
presented in this report—might serve as a basis upon which to
rethink and redirect our “War on Terrorism,” defense
initiatives, and public health policies to honestly safeguard
the American people in service to freedom and the free world.

Copyright  © 2001 by Leonard G. Horowitz. All rights reserved
though may be recopied, distributed, or posted on the worldwide
web for non-profit purposes only. For more information visit:

* Leonard G. Horowitz, D.M.D., M.A., M.P.H. is a Harvard
trained expert in public health and social and behavioral

This work is dedicated to the recently disappeared
Professor Don C. Wiley of Harvard whose case remains a solvable
mystery. Dr. Horowitz may be contacted through Tetrahedron
Publishing Group.

The author would like to especially acknowledge the
collaborative efforts of two heroic individuals: Chris Williams
of the First Amendment Press in Denton, Texas
( independent biomedical
investigator Patricia Doyle (http://goddess-of/-

For more information written by Dr. Horowitz on this subject,
read "Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare"
(Tetrahedron Publishing Group, June 2001; $29.95; 1-888-508-
4787, available from and ).

*For more information about Dr. Horowitz link to:

For free information regarding the 9-11 attacks, link to the
Apocalypse Prevention Project at:

For information about Dr. Horowitz’s American bestseller,
"Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola—Nature, Accident or Intentional?"
link to:


For Dr. Horowitz’s speaking schedule and services call 1-800-

Courtesy of  Tetrahedron Publishing Group
206 North 4th Avenue, Suite 147
Sandpoint, Idaho 83864
Toll free order line: 888-508-4787;
Office telephone: 208-265-2575;
FAX: 208-265-2775

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for distribution to those who prefer audio education, please
call toll free 1-888-508-4787


1) O’Meara K. Drug deal: Investigative report. Washington
Times, Insight Magazine. November 26, 2001, pp. 24-25.

2) Broad WJ. Terror anthrax lined to type made by U.S. New York
Times. December 3, 2001. Available at

3) Broad W. and Miller J. Anthrax inquiry looks at U.S. labs.
New York Times, December 2, 2001. Available at:

4) Cole LA. Anthrax hoaxes: hot new hobby? Bulletin of Atomic
Scientists, 1999 (July/August);55;4:7-13. Available at:

5) Horowitz LG. Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and
Toxic Warfare. Sandpoint, ID: Tetrahedron Publishing Group,

6) Begich N and Burke K. New non-lethal weapons systems may be
used against U.S. citizens. Report presented to the World
Foundation for Natural Sciences on October 17, 1998,
Interlaken, Switzerland. Published by The Leading Edge.
Available from

7) Tucker J and Sands A. An unlikely threat. Bulletin of Atomic
Scientists, 1999 (July/August);55;4:46-52. Available at:

8) Bioport was originally purchased by majority shareholder
Intervac, a Maryland-based biotech firm owned by Admiral
William J. Crowem Jr., but purchased by Fuad El Hibri, the
general manager of Intervac. Mr. El Hibri directed the buyout
as he had previously done with Porton Products Ltd., a
Cambridge, England company apparently linked to Porton Down,
England’s top biological weapons development and testing
facility. (See: U.S. Government Reform Subcommittee on National
Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations. June
30, 1999, available from; See also:
searchhp3&query=Faud+El-Hibri&... [see #10-Lansing State
Journal]. In August 2001, the BBC reported that 20,000 “so
called human guinea pigs went to Porton Down between 1939 and
the 1960s” for various illegal chemical and biological weapons
tests. Thousands were harmed or killed as a result. See:
 For Robert Myers, Battelle Memorial Institute and the DoD’s
Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program data see: Myers RC. Chief
Operating Officer and Director, BioPort Corporation, The a
joint meeting of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee and the
Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and
Related Agencies of the Senate Appropriations Committee, March
16, 1999. Available from:

9) Department of Defense. Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program:
Unproven Force Protection. February 17, 2000, p. 13

10) Irvine R and Kincaid C. Another leftover scandal from
Clinton: Background of Anthrax vaccine manufacturer BioPort.
Free Republic. May 22, 2001. Available from:

11) Skolnick SH. Overthrow of the American republic: The
anthrax commissars. Citizen’s Committee to Clean Up the Courts.
The primary source wished to remain anonymous. Mr. Skolnick
relayed to this author by direct communication that he
personally interviewed the source. For more information
contact: Sherman H. Skolnick, 9800 South Oglesby Avenue,
Chicago, IL 60617-4870. (773) 375-5741; E-mail; See also Menchken HL. The great anthrax
stock swindle. Available from:

12) Associated Press. Bin laden cutting Carlyle Ties. October
26, 2001. Available at:
layout=query_displaynews&q=Carlyle+Group&so=&dc=&ro=...; see
also: Newsweek MSNBC investigation 11-11-2001

13) Staff. Vaccine bailout: DoD to bail out anthrax vaccine
maker. Washington Times, Insight Magazine. October 20, 2001.
Available from:

14) Massie RK. Blood feud: A mother takes the hemophilia
tragedy to court. New Yorker. June 16, 1997, pp. 98-102.

15) Manning P. Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile. Secaucus, NJ:
Lyle Stuart, Inc., 1981.

16) Borkin J. The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben: The
Unholy Alliance Between Hitler and the Great Chemical Combine.
New York: Barnes & Noble, 1997.

17) Griffin GE. World Without Cancer: The Story of Vitamin B17.
Westlake, CA: American Media, 1997.

18) American Home Products development of earliest smallpox
vaccine is available at: For
strategic alliance between Baxter and Acambis to make the
smallpox vaccine see Acambis’s website

19) Wyeth Genetics Institute information is available from:

20) American Home Products Company profile and affiliations are
available at:

21) Aventis announces support for government emergency
preparedness efforts: Company to offer vaccines and antibiotic
manufacturing capacity for protecting country against
bioterrorism. October 26, 2001. Company press release at:

22) Horowitz LG and Martin WJ. Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola—
Nature, Accident or Intentional? Rockport, MA: Tetrahedron
Press, 1998, pp. 37-38.

23) Manning P. op cit., pp. 29 and 56.

24) Horowitz and Martin. op cit., p. 492.

25) CNNfn. BASF boosts agro unit. News release available at:

26) Staff. Industry role in bioterrorism response planning must
be open to the public. The Public Citizen, Nov. 8, 2001.
Available from:
ID=901; See also: Claybrook J. Drug companies wage war on
consumer. The Public Citizen, Nov. 30, 2001. Available at: Palast
G and Pallister D. FBI and US spy agents say Bush spiked bin
Laden probes before 11 September. The Guardian (London).
November 7, 2001. Available from:

28) Aventis Media Center. Aventis Announces Support for U.S.
Government emergency preparedness efforts. October 26, 2001.
Available from Frankfurt, Germany,,1003,EN-XX-10590-45781--,FF.html;
For Merck partnership see:,1003,EN-XX-27211-44441--,FF.html

29) The reference for the Hoechst-Rhone Poulenc’s Aventis
(Merck partnered) and Acambis “strategic alliance” with AHP’s
Baxter Healthcare Corporation to produce the smallpox vaccine
is available at

30) Information regarding the CDC’s vaccine award to Acambis is
available at:; For Oravax,
Inc. name change to Acambis, Inc. see:

31) Broad W and Miller J. Germ defense plan in peril as its
flaws are revealed. New York Times, August. 7, 1998.

32) Battelle’s nuclear biological and chemical group is
described on their website at:

33) Battelle’s West Jefferson, Ohio BL-3 laboratory may be
viewed at:
34) Stout D. U.S. offers $1 million for anthrax attacker’s
capture. New York Times, October 18, 2001. Available at:

35) Isachenkov V. Germ warfare plans worry Russia, September 7,
2001. This information was relayed to the author by e-mail from
Christopher Williams, Dec. 5, 2001. Contact:

36) Preston R. Annals of Warfare—The Bioweaponeers. New Yorker,
March 9, 1998.

37) To access this slide click on: at

38) American Home Products Corporation: Fort Dodge Animal
Health. About AHP at: Some of Fort Dodge
Laboratories historic data is held by Iowa State University.
For this see:

39) Environmental News Network. West Nile virus strikes Florida
horses. Tues, July 24, 2001. Available from:

40) National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) general
description is available from:

41) Purdum TS. Anthrax checks widen as officials admit error.
New York Times, October 25, 2001. Available from:
todaysheadlines; See also: Broad WJ, Johnston D, Miller J and
Zielbauer P. Experts see F.B.I. missteps hampering anthrax
inquiry. New York Times, November 9, 2001

42) Gellman B. AIDS is declared threat to security. Washington
Post, Online, April 30, 2000. The CIA sponsored article is
available for downloading at:
The Post’s article may be obtained at:

43) Associated Press. U.S. anthrax letter mailed to Kenya. New
York Times, Oct. 18, 2001. Available from

44) McHugh D. Bayer posts $165 million Q3 loss. Associated
Press. November 14, 2001. Available from:

45) Bradsher K. Bayer agrees to charge government a lower price
for anthrax medicine. New York Times. October 25, 2001.
Available at:; See
also: The Guardian, HHS Secretary buys $500 smallpox vaccine
with name on it.

46) Abelson R and Pollack A. Other drugs to combat anthrax are
in ample supply. October 23, 2001. New York Times. Available
at:; See
also: Pear R. In anthrax crisis, health secretary finds
unsteady going. New York Times, October 25, 2001. Available
See also: Bradsher K. New York Times, Oct. 25, 2001. Other
antibiotics than Cipro.

47) Stolberg SG. Senators seek $3.2 billion to fight germ
threats, doubling bush plan. New York Times, Nov. 16, 2001.
Available from:

48) Wade N. A nation challenged: Drug research; U.S. hunting
antiviral drug to use in case of smallpox. New York Times,
November 23, 2001. Available from NYTimes online archives

49) Horowitz LG. Murder and cover-up could explain the Florida
dental AIDS mystery. British Dental Journal. 1994 10;24:423-
327; This report was based on: Hartman AW, Ressler RR, Douglas
JE and McCormack A. Sexual homicide: a motivational model. In:
Criminal Investigatory Analysis of Sexual Homicide. National
Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, United States
Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, pp. 39-
60, 1990.

50) Horowitz LG. Polio, Hepatitis B and AIDS: An integrative
theory on a possible vaccine induced pandemic. J Medical
Hypothesis 2001;56;5:677-686.