1) The primary application being pushed in this proposal is the use of

electromagnetic energy (microwave radio freqency energy) for the purpose of

suppression of huricanes and tornadoes.

2) Secondary applications presented include the possibility of weather

control for defense purposes. This is a typical ploy when attempting to

secure financing for development projects which are extremely expensive: try

to interest DoD concerns as well as commercial/civil concerns. Many times

two or more government agencies will share in the funding and administration

of large and expensive projects like this.

3) Much of the document involves discussions of how thunderstorms develop,

and the updrafts/downdrafts which sometimes develop into tornadoes. The

updraft/downdraft phenomenon is pinpointed as the area at which external

heating energy might be applied with the likelyhood of disrupting processes

which may lead to the development of damaging tornadoes.

4) The document proposes applying RF energy to this updraft/downdraft

region, which is generally characterized by diverse temperatures. Heating

applied to this region by means of large amounts of RF energy may be capable

of disrupting natural processes enough to prevent the formation of a tornado.

5) Previously, 2.5 GHz had been selected as the frequency of choice for high

power sunlight-to-microwave energy orbital satellites. This was because of

the wide availabilty of magnetrons used in consumer microwave ovens that

operate on this frequency. Recently, it has been determined that 24 GHz

microwave energy is more effective in achieving the goals desired because of

its attenuation and absorbtion characteristics in the atmospheric regions of

interest. Recent development efforts in cyclotron technology have yeilded

cyclotron tubes capable of 100 megawatt operation at this frequency.

6) Power levels in the range of one to 100 gigawatts CW sustained for up to

20 minutes will be required in order to sufficiently heat the appropriate

area of a thunderstorm that spawns tornadoes. Depending upon the size of the

storm and other factors, some critical level of power between these values

will have to be delivered to the right spot to prevent the development of a


7) These power levels, if delivered by one satellite directly above the

storm, will be dangerous to biological life on the surface. Power levels on

the ground of a kilowatt per square meter or more may be realized. This

would be the equivalent of standing in front of your microwave oven on high

with the door open. One way of avoiding this would be to have a network of

lower power satellites apply their beams at 90 degrees to the surface of the

earth so that there would be no possibility of them illuminating the ground.

8) HAARP may be used to provide a virtual reflector for the microwave

energy, allowing the source generator(s) to be located on the ground instead

of on space-based satellite platforms.

9) The document acknowledges that the application of power levels this

extreme to the ecosphere may have unexpected short and long term effects.

10) The document realizes the dangers of weather control technology, and

acknowledges that international laws will need to be addressed before such

attempts are made.

These are just some of the highlights... The one thing we have going in our

favor is the extreme cost of even a prototype system. They could do some

preliminary studies with a ground-based 100 megawatt RF source and the HAARP

ionospheric mirror, but anything beyond this will require the allocation of

probably a billion dollars or more and up to 10 years of R&D and systems

deployment. This is not a cheap and/or quickly developed technology.